No holiday to Zanzibar is complete without a safari on Tanzania’s mainland, which is home to Africa’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro – commonly referred to as the ‘Roof Top of Africa’.
Its remarkable landscape lies witness to its exhilarating formation millions of years ago even before the area was dotted with active volcanoes that spewed molten ash. Before volcanoes towered above everything, a major fault in the earth’s surface, which travelled almost the length of Africa (from Ethiopia to Zimbabwe), cutting directly across Tanzania that exists to this day. Each side of the fault line moved and aggravated the other, causing monumental movement in its earth’s crust, forcing one side to rise up and form the incredible ‘Great Escarpment,’ whist the other side plunged down to form the ‘Great Rift Valley.’ Because of this Tanzania is part of East Africa’s Great Lakes region. Many volcanoes where formed; many of which later imploded to form Caldara’s, the most famous of which is the Ngorongoro Crater (within Northern Tanzania. It was a kaleidoscope of activity that gave rise to some of the most exhilarating and contrasting landscape on the African continent, if not the world.
At 947,303 square kilometres Tanzania is the 13th largest country in Africa, and boast’s the highest and lowest altitudes on the continent – Mount Kilimanjaro at 5,895 metres (19,341 ft) above sea level, and the floor of Lake Tanganyika, at 352 metres (1,155 ft) below sea level.
Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the northeast (where Mount Kilimanjaro stands) and 3 of Africa’s Great Lakes are partially in Tanzania, including Lake Victoria (Africa’s largest) to the west and in the south Lake Tanganyika – the continent’s deepest lake. To the southwest lies Lake Nyasa and central Tanzania is a huge plateau, famous for its fertile farmland and dense forests that reach up to the rim of Ngorongoro Crater. Tanzania’s eastern shore is hot and humid, with the Zanzibar Archipelago just offshore.
Its contrast in landscape is as remarkable as it is varied. Typically divided into the Northern & Southern Safari Circuits with ‘Kili’ standing as its icon. Endless savannah plains cover the Serengeti and neighbouring national parks in the north, dotted with both fresh and alkaline lakes; whilst dense, colourful tropical forests, teeming with shy wildlife and an incredible assortment of birds cloak the Usambara and Pare Mountains, en route to the Southern Circuit. There some of the least exposed wildlife national parks in Eastern Africa optimise the true essence of adventure and exploration in Africa.
COME LET US ARRANGE A SAFARI OF A LIFE TIME OR A TREK UP TO THE ROOFTOP OF AFRICA – TO COMPLIMENT YOUR BEACH GETAWAY